Dengue fever on the rise in India

Friday, September 17, 2010 4:53
Posted in category Dengue

mosThe number of people contracted by dengue fever has risen dramatically over the last few months in the city, and having complete knowledge of this disease is of paramount importance these days. Here are a few things you must know about this deadly disease:

Symptoms

  • High fever, which progresses rapidly and lasts for 2-7 days
  • Severe headaches
  • Pain in muscles & joints, as well as behind the eyes
  • Bumpy, red-colored rashes, which originate from the chest, back or stomach and spreads to the limbs and face of an individual
  • Rapid flushing of the face
  • Feeling of sickness, usually resulting in vomiting
  • Children develop a rash, but do not show other symptoms

This deadly disease is caused by a virus called the flavivirus, whose vector is the female Aedes mosquito. An infected female Aedes can spread this disease from person to person throughout its lifespan of 3-4 months. Therefore, it becomes necessary to spray the requisite & reliable mosquito repellant chemicals in your surroundings.

Precautions

  • Apply mosquito repellents on skin regularly
  • Wear long sleeved clothes in case you go out during the times that mosquitoes are biting
  • Avoid unsanitary, heavily populated residential areas
  • In case you are indoors, it is advisable to stay in air-conditioned or screened areas
  • Usage of bednets in the sleeping areas is a must if proper air conditioning not available

Apart from these, you should never allow water to collect in any areas, as such a place would become the breeding ground for the carriers of dengue fever.

Cure

Unfortunately, the vaccine for dengue fever is still being developed, and can not be given to the public. But, in case you show the abovementioned symptoms, you must consult the doctor immediately.

  • Usually, the body’s immune system is able to fight off the infection within 4-6 days of contracting it
  • In case of fever, you can take paracetamol, even though ibuprofen and aspirin must be avoided
  • If your condition worsens, report to a hospital, where liquid food is administered to you through drips
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